All About Led Grow Lights

The advent of technology has resulted in the use of LED (Light Emitting Diode) grow lights in indoor agriculture and horticulture. LED grow lights have become popular and are gaining wider acceptance than the traditionally used Incandescent grow lights, Fluorescent grow lights & High-pressure sodium lamps. A lot of research has gone into the development of led grow lights.

Plants need only certain colors of spectrum light for about 14 to 16 hours a day to boost its growth. Red light is in the range of 640 nanometers and blue light in the range of 450 nanometers have the greatest effects on chlorophyll production, which plays a significant role in photosynthesis. Red and infrared light makes plants grow tall and thin. Reduction of red and blue light results in improper growth. Orange light has a considerable role in photosynthesis. Other colors of the spectrum are needed only in negligible amounts. It is this feature of led grow lights with specific colors that has resulted in increased acceptance. Red & blue LED lights in the ratio of 2:1 have always been the most effective. Also try driveway lighting, solar patio lights and led deck lights.

High Power PAR38 All Blue 42 SMD LED Grow Light with Standard Screw Base for Cloning and Vegging 110 240 Volt, 1313buLed grow lights have longer life compared to traditional grow lights. They do not have filaments unlike incandescent lamps. Some LED lights come with a shelf life of more than 100,000 hours. Unlike incandescent lamps which produce too much heat, LED grow lights produce light or no heat that has a greater impact on air conditioning costs. LED lights are known to save 55 to 60% of power consumption. They come in as low as 15 or 28 watt diodes. They are cheap in price compared to the other options. Most LED lights are priced at a range of $100 to $2000. Also, there exists a wide variety of LED lights for one to from. LED lights do not require ballast, so they can be easily fit in most houses. This is a great advantage compared to fluorescent lights which require big ballast set ups. The maintenance costs are very low compared to traditional lights.

Led grow lights are being used in Hydroponics, a technique of growing plants in a liquid mixture of nutrients where natural sunlight is not available. Hydroponics using LED grow lights is effective because the lights work on a low voltage that allows them to last long for several years without burning out. Wide angle projection of light ensures uniform leaf formation and coverage. LED lights are available in different colors, of which red and blue lights are highly effective. There are also LED lights that can trigger required colors at different stages of plant growth. Most people use smaller LED lights as they offer higher intensity than the bigger LED lights.

Many companies are manufacturing LED grow lights these days. One such pioneer is Pro-source. Before buying a LED light for your garden, it would be better to consult with a specialist regarding the size and type of the LED lights that you should buy.

Cheap Outdoor Ceiling Fans

The Internet is obviously your first choice for locating affordable outdoor ceiling fans. You can search for the cheapest there are out there by entering specific criteria into online shopping sites for ease of sorting. A good example is www.amazon.com where the following items pop up for those shopping on a budget. You can get outdoor ceiling fans that have a price range between $80 and $150 which isn’t too bad considering that they are sturdy and weather resistant.

1. Monte Carlo Outdoor Ceiling Fan

This beautiful sleek outdoor ceiling fan is weather resistant and UL listed especially for wet locations which means it will not start rusting as soon as you install it outside your home. It is a heavy duty appliance with 3 speeds and has been made to fit usage both inside and outside the home. It goes for $97.30 on Amazon.

2. Boston Harbor Outdoor Ceiling Fan

If you would rather go for a white outdoor ceiling fan, then you should look at going for this simple yet understated piece that has a beautiful white hardware finish and a reversible three speed controlled by a chain pull. Get it on Amazon for a reasonable $78.83.

3. Hunter Outdoor Ceiling Fan

This is one of those amazing deals which you come across every once in a while. Here is an outdoor fan that is UL listed for damp areas, has a lifetime warranty on its motor, features five beautiful oak blades and allows you the comfort of controlling it from your relaxed position using a remote control. How much for this absolutely stylish piece? You get to save a whooping $54.76 on a discount that sees you buy it at $99.14 instead of the original price of $153.90

NOTE: These are cheap outdoor ceiling fans without lighting. If you do want to buy those with lighting, all you have to do is specify this on the entry boxes at any online shopping site you may be using and you are set!

How Much Does It Cost To Hire A Custom Stone Mason?

Have you ever admired the beautiful stone walkways that people have outside of their homes? In many cases, these walkways built by custom stonemasons. If you’d like to build a walkway like this, you may be wondering how much it would cost to hire a trained professional. Here’s how you can find out what you want to know.

Costs Can Vary Based On A Number Of Factors

Not every stonemason out there is going to charge the same rates. There are a number of things that can impact the cost of a service like this. For example, costs may vary based on the scope of the project. Materials used can also raise the cost.That’s why it makes more sense to get information on costs directly from the source. Talk to stonemasons in your area and find out what they typically charge.

You Get What You Pay For

You shouldn’t cut too many corners if you’re hiring a professional for a project like this. While there’s nothing wrong with trying to save money, you need to make sure that the person you are hiring is completely qualified for the job. If someone has limited credentials, you should try to work with someone that has more experience. You can find a list of custom stone masons by visiting a website. You must also understand that the average custom stone mason charges for their services per the hour. Knowing this, ensure you’rehiring the stone mason for a project that will be worth it for you.

Look For Ways To Save

If you’re quoted a price that is too high for you, you shouldn’t be afraid to negotiate. Some masons will be willing to work with you on pricing. Tell them what you are willing to pay, and see if they can work with your budget.What does it cost to hire a custom stonemason? While there are a lot of things that can influence the final price, this is certainly something that is worth looking into. Even if you’re working with a very limited budget, you should be able to find a stonemason that is willing to work for you.

How to D.I.Y. driveways

Driveways can add convenience, value and visual appeal to any home. While hiring a contractor might be a scary thought, with the proper tools and some helping hands, it is possible to build your own asphalt, concrete, gravel or pavement driveway. By taking your time and planning ahead, you can learn how to DIY driveways that will last for years to come.

The first step in learning how to DIY driveways is choosing the material you want to use. While installation of any type of driveway will have some common steps, there are benefits and disadvantages to many materials that will decide which is best for your driveway.

Choosing a Material Type

Gravel – This driveway type is one of the easiest to install. However, it will require regular maintenance and does not make for easy snow removal.
Asphalt – This driveway type requires working with high-temperature materials and a multi-step application process. It does not work as well in environments with heavy freeze and thaw cycles.
Concrete – This is the classic driveway seen on many homes. Installation requires proper timing and clear warm weather for the best results.
Resin – Provides easier installation than most methods with a good amount of flexibility. Great for nearly any climate or situation.

After choosing a material type, the next step in how to DIY driveways is the planning phase. By creating a complete plan before starting your build, you can save money on materials and labor while reducing the chances of any errors along the way.

Planning Your Driveway

Check local laws. Some areas will require specialized permits or require specific features to be included in your driveway. Determining these factors before starting can save potential headaches later.
Determine your needs. If you have a driveway on a hill or blind curve, a circular or cul-de-sac style driveway might provide added convenience. If you have multiple vehicles, a wider driveway can accommodate them without having to swap cars constantly.
Determine the best path. Using stakes and twine, mark off the intended path for your driveway. In ideal conditions, your driveway will slope away from the house to provide drainage.

Determine material costs and purchase supplies. Check with your local supplier for material availability and determine your needed supplies. Many stores will have experts on hand to help determine needs if you are unsure how to figure the numbers yourself. In general, you will measure the length, width and thickness of your driveway and multiply the numbers together. This will give you the volume of materials you will need.

At this point, all that is left in learning how to DIY driveways is getting your hands dirty. Installation will vary slightly from material to material. However, common steps include:

  • Clearing your path of top soil and debris
  • Preparing the soil
  • Packing the surface with a plate compressor
  • Securing your edging or forms
  • Pouring your materials into place
  • Allowing your new driveway to settle and cure
  • Sealing your new driveway

Tips for Specific Material Types

For asphalt driveways, you will have two layers of material to pour into place. The first layer is often a gravel base that must be packed tightly. Follow this with the standard asphalt mix.

For concrete driveways, running a broom lightly across the surface while it is drying will add texture and allow for better traction. Concrete driveways should be allowed three to seven days to cure before sealing.

For gravel driveways, choose multiple layers of gravel to provide a firm surface. Starting with a stone around 4 inches, create layers of smaller sizes until you reach the surface layer. Surface rock should be no larger than 1 inch.